By National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council
Growing to be issues approximately weather switch partially due to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions has caused the study neighborhood to evaluate applied sciences and rules for sequestration. This record includes displays of a symposium held in April of 2002. The sequestration innovations variety shape ocean disposal, terrestrial disposal in geologic formations, biomass dependent methods and carbon buying and selling schemes. The file additionally offers present efforts at improved oil restoration utilizing carbon dioxide and demonstrating its software. the amount is meant purely as advent to the topic and never the ultimate.
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Additional resources for The Carbon Dioxide Dilemma: Promising Technologies and Policies: Proceedings of a Symposium April 23-24, 2002
The greatest risk is probably in well-bore failures. When we inject CO2, we want it to go all the way to the formation and not depart en route. It will take some effort to understand how to achieve that. But these kinds of problems are addressed all the time in industry, and I think they can be dealt with in this instance. A more serious problem may be long-term subsurface reservoir leakage. Information about the integrity of the geologic seal will be vital. We know that changes in geologic stress can damage the seal above an oil reservoir over the lifetime of the reservoir.
Direct ocean carbon sequestration: observations of biological impacts during small-scale CO2 releases. Nature. G. 1997.
One significant problem is that we are “disposing” of this CO2 in the surface waters of the ocean where most of the marine life lives and where reef-building corals are. 1 pH units, and, if the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Control “Business as Usual” scenario is followed, by the end of this century, we will have lowered carbonate ion concentrations in surface ocean waters by >50 percent (Brewer, 1997). This will significantly affect the calcification process in coral reefs. Moreover, during the atmospheric residence time of the released CO2, it creates the well known global warming signal.
The Carbon Dioxide Dilemma: Promising Technologies and Policies: Proceedings of a Symposium April 23-24, 2002 by National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council