By Bruce A. Weber, Greg J. Duncan, Leslie A. Whitener
This quantity offers a accomplished examine how welfare reforms enacted in 1996 are affecting caseloads, employment, gains, and relatives overall healthiness in rural parts.
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Extra resources for Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform
1 percent) and much higher than the rates of Canada, Japan, and most northern European countries (Jantti and Danziger 2000). Typically, poverty falls as real per capita income increases during economic recoveries and rises as income falls during recessions. The increases in poverty and income inequality in the late 1970s and early 1980s, however, were so great that it now requires substantially higher real per capita income to achieve the same poverty rate as it did a quarter century ago. 7 percent).
Several recent policy and economic changes have shaped work and welfare outcomes for single mothers. First, by replacing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, PRWORA dramatically reduced the likelihood that a single mother can “choose” to remain a nonworking welfare recipient, even if she finds that the economic benefits of working do not exceed its costs. There is no longer an entitlement to cash assistance; welfare is a transitional program with cash assistance conditional on the performance of work-related or community service activities.
Danziger, Ariel Kalil, and Kristin Seefeldt. 2000. ” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 241–269. , Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger, and Colleen Heflin. 2000a. ” Journal of Consumer Affairs 34: 6–30. , Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger, Colleen Heflin, Ariel Kalil, Judith Levine, Daniel Rosen, Kristin Seefeldt, Kristine Siefert, and Richard Tolman. 2000b. ” In Prosperity for All? The Economic Boom and African Americans, R. Cherry and W. Rodgers, eds. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 239–277. Danziger, Sheldon, ed.
Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform by Bruce A. Weber, Greg J. Duncan, Leslie A. Whitener