By Ge.. Frank Kreith
In an international the place waste incinerators will not be an alternative and landfills are at over ability, towns are not easy pressed to discover an answer to the matter of what to do with their reliable waste. guide of strong Waste administration, 2/e bargains an answer. This guide deals an built-in method of the making plans, layout, and administration of affordable and environmentally dependable stable waste disposal method. permit twenty and govt specialists give you the instruments to layout a high-quality waste administration process in a position to taking away waste in a reasonable and environmentally liable demeanour. targeting the six fundamental capabilities of an built-in system--source aid, toxicity relief, recycling and reuse, composting, waste- to-energy combustion, and landfilling--they discover each one expertise and think about its difficulties, bills, and criminal and social ramifications.
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Additional info for Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2nd Edition
In general, lowtechnology MRFs have higher operating costs than high-technology MRFs, because of the greater labor intensity of the former. Composting O&M Costs. The range of O&M costs for composting processed MSW varies from $30 to $70 per ton. While the capital costs show little or no effect with scale, O&M costs show some decline with plant capacity, but the correlation is quite poor. Mass Burn: Field-Erected O&M Costs. 6 are for electricity-only mass burn plants. 5 Typical Operation and Maintenance Costs for Waste Collection Vehicles and Materials Recovery Systems System Waste collection Commingled waste Source-separated waste Materials recovery Low-mechanical intensity† High-mechanical intensity‡ Major system components Cost basis Cost,* dollars Right-hand stand-up-drive collection vehicle Mechanically loaded collection vehicle $/ton $/ton 60–80 50–70 Right-hand stand-up-drive collection vehicle equipped with four separate compartments $/ton 100–140 Processing of source-separated materials only; enclosed building, concrete floors, 1st stage hand-picking stations and conveyor belts, storage for separated and prepared materials for 1 month, support facilities for the workers $/ton 20–40 Processing of commingled materials or MSW; same facilities as the low-end system plus mechanical bag breakers, magnets, shredders, screens, and storage for up to 3 months; also includes a 2d stage picking line $/ton 30–60 * All cost data have been adjusted to an Engineering News-Record Construction Cost Index of 6500.
The most extensive and reliable data available appear to be those for the combustion option. Combustion is a controlled process that is completed within a short period of time and for which there is a good deal of recorded experience. Also, inputs and outputs can be measured effectively with techniques that have previously been used for fossil fuel combustion plants. 4, respectively. Collection. As reported, vehicle costs will vary from $100,000 to $140,000, depending on the functions and capacity of the vehicle.
The criteria in Part 258 do not affect landfills that accept only industrial and special waste and construction and demolition waste. The requirements vary, depending on the landfill’s closure date, according to the following breakdown: ● ● ● The rule does not apply to any MSWLF that ceased receipt of waste prior to October 9, 1991. Only the final cover requirements apply to any MSWLF that ceases receipt of waste after October 9, 1991, but before October 9, 1993. The entire Subtitle D requirements apply to any MSWLF that receives waste on or after October 9, 1993.
Handbook of Solid Waste Management, 2nd Edition by Ge.. Frank Kreith