By Winfried Scharlau
Tracing the tale from its earliest assets, this booklet celebrates the lives and paintings of pioneers of contemporary arithmetic: Fermat, Euler, Lagrange, Legendre, Gauss, Fourier, Dirichlet and extra. comprises an English translation of Gauss's 1838 letter to Dirichlet.
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Additional resources for From Fermat to Minkowski: Lectures on the Theory of Numbers and Its Historical Development
C EN. The case where s - 2k + I runs into major difficulties. 4) is known for the corresponding series. Minkowski discovered interesting and very different interpretations for these expressions (see Ch. 10). Euler was probably the first to see that these series can he applied to number theory. His proof of the existence of infinitely many primes uses the divergence of the harmonic series En-': If we assume that there are only finitely many prime numbers, the product I,(1 - p )_t, as p runs through the prime numbers, is finite.
Weil: Two lectures on Number Theory. Past and Present. L. Kronecker: Zur Geschichte des Reziprozitatsgesetzes. Werke 11, 1-10. J. Steinig: On Euler's idoneal numbers, Elem. der Math. 21 (1966), 73-88. Th. L. Heath: see references to Chap. 2. J. E. Hofmann: see references to Chap. 2. A. P. Youschkevitch: Euler, Leonhard (in: Dictionary of Scientific Biography). N. Fuss: Lobrede auf Herrn Leonhard Euler. in: Euler. Opera Omnia (1). Vol. I. Euler-Goldbach: Briefwechse! (Correspondence). CHAPTER 4 Lagrange Joseph Louis Lagrange lived from 1736 to 1813.
A , , > I. 47 4. Lagrange Let ao, a,, a2, . . be a sequence with a,, a2, Tn _
From Fermat to Minkowski: Lectures on the Theory of Numbers and Its Historical Development by Winfried Scharlau