By Sudarshan K. Malhotra
A part of a chain which goals to hide contemporary wisdom within the box of neural technological know-how, this quantity discusses such themes as: the molecular bases of nerve regeneration; plasticity of descending spinal pathways in constructing mammals; and improvement of the mammalian auditory hindbrain.
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Extra resources for Advances in Neural Science, Volume 2 (Advances in Neural Science)
Again, the high expression of NT 1 receptors early in the postnatal period may be associated with neuronal maturation. , 1982). Lobo and Parnavelas (1988) have examined the ontogeny of NT-binding sites in the rat visual cortex using in situ receptor autoradiography. The distribution of NT receptor binding sites undergoes considerable change during ontogeny. Moderate densities of binding sites are present in the occipital cortex as early as El4 and E18. The density of NT-binding sites is extremely high in the occipital region at the time of birth, with a gradual decline starting in the second postnatal week to very low levels in the adult.
The binding sites show high affinity for SRIF (125I-Tyr0, D-TrpS-SRIF-14) and SRIF analogues (SRIF-28) and is regulated by GTP as early as day 16 of fetal age, indicating that they represent functional SRIF receptors. During fetal life, SRIF receptors are observed in the retina, optic nerve, optic chiasma, optic tract, and lateral geniculate nucleus. The highest densities of SRIF receptors are found between E 16 and E 18 in the retina and primary optic pathways. The expression of SRIF receptors appears to be transitional and to vary among the various areas of the optic system: the density of SRIF receptors decreases dramatically in the retina and disappears by P21 in both optic pathways and dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus.
In view of the lack of information on neuropeptide colocalization during ontogeny, a very brief review of neuropeptide colocalization in adults will be presented here. , 1987). , 1984b). Studies in the rat and the primate brain seem to indicate that regional differences in the degree of colocalization may exist. Chronwall et al. (1984) have reported a high incidence of colocalization of SRIF and NPY in the rat and human neocortex, whereas few cells in the arcuate nucleus contain both peptides. McDonald (1989) found extensive colocalization of SRIF and NPY in all of the amygdaloid nuclei, with the exception ofthe intercalated nucleus and the lateral subdivision of the central nucleus.
Advances in Neural Science, Volume 2 (Advances in Neural Science) by Sudarshan K. Malhotra