By Andrew J. Clark
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Additional resources for Advanced Techniques in Art Conservation
Her research interests include the application and development of noninvasive and portable spectroscopic techniques for studying materials of interest in the field of cultural heritage. Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti is Professor of General Chemistry at the University of Perugia and author of 120 scientific publications on chemical reaction dynamics and spectroscopy applied to cultural heritage. He has been coordinator of the EU supported project EU-ARTECH (sixth FP) and currently coordinates CHARISMA (seventh FP).
Smalt and indigo have been found on original areas such as on the woman’s skirt (Figure 3). Jordaens used indigo as a dark underpaint highlighted by partially discolored smalt brushstrokes. The presence of smalt has been inferred on the basis of cobalt signals in the XRF spectra and near-FTIR evidencing the typical shape of the electronic absorption due to d-d transition of Co(II) in pseudotetrahedral coordination35 (Figure 3a). Indigo has been ascertained on the basis of mid-FTIR rich features and the typical UV-vis fluorescence emission at about 730 nm (Figure 3b).
Obviously the amount of dicarboxylic acids formed (sum of the percentage content of dicarboxylic acids, ∑D) is strictly dependent on the degree of oxidation, so the values observed may vary considerably and may be influenced by many factors such as the preheating of the oil media before use, the age of the paint, the conservation environment, and the effects of radical reactions initiated by pigments. 1 The ratio is considered constant over time since these two saturated monocarboxylic acids are less subject to degradation during curing and aging.
Advanced Techniques in Art Conservation by Andrew J. Clark