By William Edward Maxwell
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Additional info for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
The meaning of this word is 'to flow quickly' or rapidly,' from layu, which in Javanese as well as in the dialect of Palembang signifies * swift, rapid ; ' it has become cradle of their origin) ; 1 laju, melaju, in which Malay by the conversion of ^ into , a change by no means rare in Malay, as it may be seen in 1 from the Sanskrit and ayuta and yodi, and in is CL>f>- u^f>- ^jp-, jekadi, from the Arabic ^jj^ t yehudi, &c. Now the Malays, an essentially nautical people, are in the habit of settling along the banks of rivers and streams, ** whence it comes that a great number of their towns have taken the names of the rivers on or near which they are situIn this way the country ated, such as Johor, Pahang, &c.
The use of sweet- smelling flowers is a noticeable feature in the religious worship of the Hindus, and the fact that many flowers held by them be sacred to the worship of particular gods are called by Malays by the same names which they bear in the temples of to India, words. is a remarkable example of an historical lesson latent in It points to the fact, abundantly proved by other evidence, that Brahmanism once held sway where it has long been superseded by the faith of Islam, and that words which have no special significance for the modern Muhammadan Malay were fraught with mystic solemnity for his distant ancestors.
Who called ? Gajah mana ini f What elephant Siapa akan tahu t Who knows ? The RELATIVE this is f this PRONOUN t is Yang, who, which. Examples. Burong yang liyar, a bird that is wild. Raja yang adil, a king who is just. Ada yang tuah, ada yang muda, some are old and some are young (lit. there are who are old, &c). The Menangkabau word is nen. This is often found in composition, but is seldom used in the dialect spoken in the urn Straits of Malacca. Example Patek nen fakir I who am but : a beggar.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell